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Just a little reminder to all that the members interested in Loyalist ancestors meet each MONDAY, 9PM Eastern -- Loyalist Chat Room. Hosts: GFS Chuck, GFS NanC. Directions: Keyword: Roots > Resources > Regions of the World > Canadian > Chats > Loyalist Chat Room.
In this issue:
Citing Sources, UELAC Membership Requirements, Dundas County ON GenWeb, Ancestry.com Free Trial, New Brunswick Brith Registers, FreeBMD Project, Quebec Loyalists, Nova Scotia GenWeb Changes, Fate of a Nurse, Cowpens Battle Anniversary, Bishop's University Library, Researching the Colonies, Chuckle for the Day
Primary citation for a bible record with provenance:
Marriages, William Patrick McLaughlin Family Bible, The Holy Bible Containing the Old and New Testaments, "International" Series (Philadelphia: The John C. Winston Co., n.d.); original owned in 1999 by the author (Chicago, IL). The McLaughlin family bible passed from Annie Mae (Holmes) McLaughlin to her daughter, Martha Ann Idaho (McLaughlin) Willard, to her granddaughter, Nancy Ann (Shaw) Cole.
Elements of this citation:
- Citation title. The information to which this citation applies is unique to this particular bible and, therefore, requires a title in addition to the title of the book. In this case, the title was constructed from the page heading and the name of the original owner of the bible. This title might alternately read - Family data, William P. McLaughlin Family Bible.
- Book title and Edition/Series. Take this from the title page, not from the cover or the spine of the book. Titles should either be in italics or underlined.
- Publisher's Address, Publisher, Publication Date. Put this information in parentheses following the title. If any one of these pieces of information is not known, use n.p. for "no place", n. pub. for "no publisher" or n.d. for "no date."
- Location. Since the information to which this citation applies is unique to this particular bible, it is important to note the location of the bible at the time the source was cited.
- Provenance. The sources through which the original copy of this bible was derived.
UELAC Changes Membership Requirements
In a recent chat, the subject of "What is a Loyalist?" came up, and the discussion turned to the requirements as defined by the United Empire Loyalists' Association of Canada. It seems I should read my mail in a more timely manner. The December 10, 1998 annual report of activities for the organization included an announcement of a change in the definition!
- A person, either male or female who, as of 19 April 1775 was a resident of the American colonies, joined the Royal Standard prior to the Treaty of Separation of 1783, or otherwise demonstrated loyalty to the Crown, and settled in territory remaining under the rule of the Crown.
- A soldier who served in an American Loyalist Regiment and was disbanded in Canada.
- A member of the Six Nations of either the Grand River or the Bay of Quinte Reserve who is descended from one whose migration was similar to that of other Loyalists.
Incorporates the previous definition, but is expanded to include:
The UELAC writes, "We have found primary proof that the government of the day did not consider British, German Soldiers, Treasury Loyalists, settlers, and step children of Loyalists as being entitled to the same privileges as our Loyalist ancestors. It is our conclusion that anyone joining the Association under these categories can be active Associate members in our Association at this time, with voting privileges at the Branch level....It is our experience in this Association that too much change too quickly has been disastrous in the past. It is our recommendation that these changes be accepted and further research be done before any other changes to our requirements be made."
- Loyalists who joined the Royal Standard and died either in service or in prison during the American Revolution.
- Loyalists who joined the Royal Standard and died on the way to Canada, but their families settled in Canada.
- Loyalists who joined the Royal Standard, settled in Canada and after a period of time returned to another British Colony or the United States.
- Loyalists who joined the Royal Standard and subsequently were unable to complete the land grant regulations due to ill health.
- Loyalist women who have the primary source documentation required to demonstrate that they are Loyalists above and beyond being the spouses of Loyalists.
If I'm understanding this correctly, it opens the door to quite a few people who were not eligible previously and is a welcome change in the right direction. I will attempt to get more details for a future issue. We aren't quite in agreement yet, but they're getting closer. ;-) Good for them!
Dundas County, ON GenWeb
Dundas County, Ontario now has a GenWeb page that you might want to visit.
Dundas County GenWeb
Ancestry.com Free for 30 Days
Ancestry.com is currently offering a 30 day free Guest Membership that entitles anyone who registers to search all of Ancestry's 800 subscription databases FREE for 30 days. In addition, guest members receive two additional free gifts - Ancestry.com Weekly Digest, an e-mail newsletter of genealogy information and MyFamily.com Free Website, a private and secure place for you to share your Ancestry.com discoveries. If you already subscribe to Ancestry.com, you may extend your current subscription for an additional 30 days at no cost.
In addition to the American Genealogical-Biographical Index, the largest and most comprehensive index to family histories in articles, books and brief biographies, and over one million entries from PERSI (PERiodical Source Index), an index to articles written in 5,000 journals and publications, you will also find the following databases, among many others, that may be of interest:
Caniff, William. History of the Settlement of Upper Canada, With Special Reference to the Bay of Quinte, Toronto: Dudley & Burns, Printers, Victoria Hall, 1869.
Ryerson, Egerton. The Loyalists of America and Their Times (1620-1816), Toronto, Canada: William Briggs, 1880, volumes I and II
Van Tyne, Claude Halstead. The Loyalists in the American Revolution, New York, NY: Peter Smith, 1929
Fraser, Alexander. [United Empire Loyalists]: Second Report of the Bureau of Archives for the Province of Ontario. Toronto, Canada: L. K. Cameron, 1905.
Neagles, James C. Summer Soldiers, A Survey & Index of Revolutionary War Courts-Martial, Salt Lake City, UT: Ancestry Incorporated, 1986.
New Brunswick Birth Register Index
The Provincial Archives of New Brunswick consistently makes good use of the internet. Here is one of their pages that has been around for a while but that we have never featured in the newsletter. It is a searchable online index of county birth registers, although my understanding is that it may not be complete. Searches can be performed on the name of a child, child/county, the mother or the father.
PANB County Birth Registers Index (1801-1899)
FreeBMD stands for Free Births, Marriages, and Deaths. The FreeBMD Project's objective is to provide free Internet access to the Civil Registration index information for England and Wales. The Civil Registration system for recording births, marriages, and deaths in England and Wales has been in place since 1837. Their database is currently under development and they are looking for volunteer transcribers. These are the kinds of projects that benefit all of us. Stop by and take a look at what they are up to.
[Editor's Note: The following posting appeared on the QC-ETANGLO mailing list, which deals with the Eastern Townships of Quebec]
Subj: A List of Loyalists
From: firstname.lastname@example.org (James Wesley Johnson)
In the C. Thomas History of the Eastern Townships, originally published 1866, the entire text of the Charter of Brome, 18th August, 1797, is printed as a long footnote. It names the following as the Associates of Asa Porter who are granted land, who have taken the oath, and who, presumably, are to be responsible for certain improvements and expenses. I thought it might be of interest to people in determining who among the early settlers were Loyalists.
- Asa PORTER
- William PORTER
- Henry COLLINS
- Ezekiel LEWIS
- Thaddeus HALL
- Benjamin CROCKER
- Cyrus CLEAVELAND
- Samuel GOTT
- Jonathan AYERS
- Joseph WILSON
- Jonas JOSLIN
- Nicholas HALL
- Silas WESTOVER
- Ashael DUNNING
- Reuben MOORE
- Joseph WILSON, Jr.
- William DOUGLAS
- Brewer DODGE
- Asa WARNER
- Billy PORTER
- Daniel EAMOS
- Thomas TENNANT
- Ephraim STONE
- Eliphalet PERRIN
- Aaron PORTER
- John HUBBEL
- Lewis HOYK
- Andrew TRUAX
- John SOLOMON
- Allen DAVIES
- Benjamin SPENCER
- Elias TRUAX
- Hezekiah WEED
Nova Scotia GenWeb Changes
Website addresses for the following Nova Scotia GenWeb sites have been changed as follows:
Nova Scotia GenWeb Project
Lunenburg County, NSGenWeb Project
Queens County NSGenWeb Project
Fate of a Nurse
The following excerpt is from an article by Don Hagist that ran as part of a series on the women of the American Revolution in the Brigade Dispatch, a publication of the Brigade of the American Revolution. It is a fascinating story that gives a glimpse into human side of the war and is reprinted here with Don's kind permission. We hope to be able to feature additional excerpts from this article in future issues.
Check out Don's website for an excellent selection of books on the Revolutionary War and related topics.
Don N. Hagist, Bookseller
Lessons from the Courts: Requiem for a Nurse
Strength returns often give the number of women who were part of a regiment. Examining groups of returns allows us to do some statistics, make generalities, and understand some things about how women fit in with the rest of the army. But they are just numbers. When numbers of soldiers change, we can often correlate the changes to recruiting efforts, to illness, or to combat. Sometimes we can find the names of the soldiers who were new, who deserted, who died. Rarely are we so well informed about the women.
The proceedings of a British Court Martial give some definition of one of the hundreds of British army wives serving in America. On trial was John Lindon, a private soldier in the 22nd Regiment of Foot. The various testimonies given at the trial tell a story that sounds more like something from a prime time news program than a vignette from the American Revolution.
When her regiment departed Rhode Island for New York in late 1779, Mrs. Lindon (whose first name is not given) did not sail on the same ship with her husband; he claimed that she also took all of his necessaries. After this, she refused to live with her husband.
In August of 1780, Lindon went to the hospital where his wife was working. Grace Chapman, another nurse, testified, that much discourse pass'd between the Prisoner and his Wife, which she the Deponent did not attend to - that she heard the Prisoner desire his Wife not to be in a Passion, that he said he only wanted his right, that the deceas'd ask'd What was his right - He answer'd "herself was" - She then reply'd - "She would never live with him or any one else" that the Prisoner said - "if she would not live with him she should not live with any one else" - that she the Deponent turn'd her head towards the Window; thinking the Prisoner was gone out of the Room.
Donald Cameron, soldier of the 74th Regiment, did not turn away after Mrs. Lindon's remark:
The Prisoner and his Wife were disputing and she desir'd him to go away and not make a Disturbance in the Hospital - He answer'd, he would not go 'till he had his right - She ask'd him, What his right was - He answer'd herself - She then made Answer, She never would go with him, the Prisoner then said if you had told me so when I first came in, I should have gone away and said no more, for that was all I wanted - He the Deponent was at this time sitting on the Bed. He observ'd the Prisoner take up his Firelock and face towards the Door, and supposes, He at that time cock'd his Firelock - He then said if you do not live with me, you shall not live with any one else, and then turn'd round and fir'd his Piece - that the Woman immediately fell and to the best of his the Deponent's recollection, died in four or five hours afterwards.
Cameron said Lindon did not "shew any Concern - He levell'd his Piece in such a Manner, not bringing it to his Shoulder, that He the Deponent, thought he was going to Charge or Strike the Woman, and was going to prevent him, but before he the Deponent could effect his intent, the Piece was fir'd." "To the best of his recollection the Muzzle of the Piece touch'd her Cloaths."
The final witness, Surgeon Thomas Ady, treated Mrs. Lindon and said, "she had been shot thro the Body, below her breast - that the Woman died the same day, and to the best of his Judgement, he thinks the Wound she had receiv'd, was the Cause of her Death"
John Lindon did not deny the murder charge, but offered a defence which sounds very modern; he testified that his wife's "repeated ill behaviour exasperated him in such a manner, that at times he was not sensible and could not be accountable for his Actions - He farther says he has serv'd His Majesty Fifteen Years and submits himself to the Mercy of the Court."
He called on an Officer, Lieutenant Benjamin Craven of the 63rd Regiment of Foot, who had for several years been in Lindon's company in the 22nd. Craven pointed out "that the Character of the Prisoner in General, is that of a good Soldier."
John Lindon was found guilty, and was sentenced to be hanged by the neck until dead. Lindon died on March 22, 1781, but it is not known whether he died by execution.
Neither John Lindon nor Mrs. Lindon could know that their tragic demise would be remembered two centuries later. Their situation makes many current news events appear not so unique to our times. More importantly, a real person can be associated with the cold numbers which we often must use to learn about the period. An event can be associated with a change in the numbers. The story of Mrs. Lindon gives a reminder that every number represents an individual who had their own unique circumstances to live with every day, and who by their very existence became a part of history to be discovered.
The information in this article is from the Court Martial of John Lindon, Judge Advocate Papers, W. O. 71/93, Public Record Office, London, p. 196 - 198.
Cowpens Battle Anniversary
The 218th anniversary of the Battle of Cowpens will be held at Cowpens National Battleground north of Spartanburg on 16-17 January 1999. A featured speaker will be Lawrence Babits, author of the newly released book, Devil of A Whipping, which gives a detailed account of the battle. Dr. Babits will be discussing how, even considering the consumate skill employed by Morgan, the outcome of the battle hinged on events that took place in seconds, totally unknown to those who performed the critical actions.
To see a complete events schedule, visit http://www.shelby.net/jr/kmnmp/events.htm.
An attendee report of the forum and Dr. Babits speech will be posted to the AMERICAN-REVOLUTION-L mailing list and will shortly thereafter be linked to:
King's Mountain & Cowpens Battles
Library at Bishop's University
This rather nice writeup of the library at Bishop's University in Lennoxville, QC appeared recently on the QC-ETANGLO RootsWeb mailing list and might be of interest to those of you with ancestors from Quebec.
The Old Library contains books and archival material pertaining to the history of Canada and the history of the Eastern Townships. In addition to the valuable Mackinnon and Scowen Collections, the Old Library also houses many publications of the 19th century, town and parish histories, catalogues for births, deaths and marriages, and doctoral and masters theses. Available on microfilm are Canadian nominal census returns, civil status registers, and a selection of Eastern Townships newspapers. The entire collection of The Record (formerly The Sherbrooke Daily Record) is housed in the main library.
Researching the Colonies
Your poorly organized Editor needs to take a break from Colonial websites for this issue, as she did not perform the requisite searches for the next batch. ;-) Next up will be sites related to the former British province of West Florida.
Just a reminder that all of the Colonial websites listed here previously can always be reviewed by searching under American Colonies Web Links in the Loyalist Resources area.
Chuckle for the Day
You Know You're Taking Genealogy Too Seriously If ...
You are the only person to show up at the cemetery research party with a shovel.
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