Brief History of Alsace-Lorraine
Written by GFS Susanne
Alsace-Lorraine is now a region in eastern France on the German and Swiss boarders, and the Rhine River. It had been made from two former provinces, Alsace and Lorraine. The Germans call this area Elsass-Lothringen. France and Germany have been in conflict over control of the region for centuries.
Alsace (Elsass), originally called Alsatia, was part of the Frankish Empire in the 9th century, and then part of Swabia. In 1648 it was made up of many independent cities which were incorporated into the Frence province of Alsatia. In 1790 it was divided into the counties of Haut-Rhin and Bas-Rhin. Haut-Rhin was further divided in 1871 into a third county, Belfort. Lorraine became part of France in 1766 and includes the counties of Moselle, Meurtheet-Mosell, Meuse and Vosges.
With the end of the Franco-Prussian War in 1871, Alsace and Lorraine were taken by Germany and called Elsass-Lothringen. The area would stayed under German control until the end of WWI in 1918. Belfort remains part of France.
France once again gained control of the region in 1919, but with German dominance in WWII, it was once again under German occupation in 1939. At the end of the war the two provinces went back to France in 1946.
Return to German Resources
Return to Resource Center
The Genealogy Forum - Main Page
Beginners' Center | Internet Center | Message Boards
Surname Center | Reunion Center | File Library
Genealogy Forum News
Shop With Us
Genealogy Forum.com is a production of
Golden Gate Services, Inc. of Armada, Michigan.
© 1998 - 2005 All Rights Reserved. Brenda Jean Bova, President.
The Genealogy Forum is a member of the Federation of Genealogical Societies and the National Genealogical Society.
Tree logo provided by MeadPond Designs and is the trademark of GenealogyForum.com.
© 2005 Some graphics By Carol, All Rights Reserved
If you have any questions or comments,
please contact GenealogyForum@aol.com